Sao Tome and Principe is an island state located in the Gulf of Guinea, consists of two main islands (Sao Tome and Principe) and several islets, totaling 964 square kilometers, with about 160 thousand inhabitants. Island state, has no land borders, but is located relatively close to the coasts of Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon and Nigeria.
The islands of Sao Tome and Principe were uninhabited until 1470, when the Portuguese navigators João de Santarém and Pedro Escobar those discovered. It was then a colony of Portugal since the fifteenth century until its independence in 1975. It is a member of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP).