The Panama is a country of continental Central America, bordered to the north by the Caribbean Sea, east by Colombia, south and west by the Pacific Ocean by Costa Rica. Its capital is the city of Panama. Situated in the narrowest point of the mainland of Central America, the isthmus that extends to South America is divided in half by the Panama Canal, which links the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean. Each year, about 14 thousand vessels (5% of world maritime trade) crossing the 82 kilometers of the canal - now control the United States (U.S.) to Panama in 2000.